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English in Southeast Asia and ASEAN: Transformation of Language Habitats

1st Edition

By Azirah Hashim, Gerhard Leitner

English in Southeast Asia and ASEAN embeds English in its various regional Southeast Asian and political ASEAN language habitats. Addressing the history, developmental stages and contacts with other languages, it provides in-depth information on the region and its political organization. In doing so, it analyzes the geo-political division of the region between former Anglophone and non-Anglophone colonies and shows that this distinction has led to considerable differences in the status and texture of English. This analysis includes the role and impact of American English in mainland and maritime Southeast Asia to highlight the linguistic properties of English and its linguistic and sociopolitical development, English used in specific domains, language policies and concludes with the future of English and future challenges. This book therefore provides an integrative survey of the various roles of English in ASEAN member states and studies the transformation of entire language habitats, including the major national and regional languages that participate in this process. It also explains how new societies emerge with their conflicting identities and their aspirations to act regionally or even globally and is a valuable resource for scholars and students in the fields of World Englishes, Asian Studies and those interested in language contact, policy and planning.


Table of Contents

List of maps

List of abbreviations


Chapter 1: English and local languages in Southeast Asia and ASEAN

Chapter 2: The transformation of local language habitats

Chapter 3: History of English in Southeast Asia

Chapter 4: Texture and Features of English

Chapter 5: Language contact and the development of English in Southeast Asia

Chapter 6: English in specific domains

Chapter 7: English as a Lingua Franca in ASEAN

Chapter 8: Language policy and language education

Chapter 9: Future of English and future challenges




ISBN 9781138105300

Published November 17, 2020 by Routledge

182 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations



Azirah Hashim is a Professor in the English Language Department, Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, University of Malaya and was, until recently, Executive Director of the Asia-Europe Institute and Director of the Centre for ASEAN Regionalism.

Gerhard Leitner is a Professor in the Institut für Englische Philologie at the Freie Universität Berlin. He is a specialist of varieties of English in South and Southeast Asia, and Australia, as well as of English as a global language. He has been Visiting Professor in Malaysia, Singapore, India, China and Australia.


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